Happy International Women’s Day 2017!

Happy International Women’s Day! We always celebrate the strong, intelligent, courageous and inspiring women in our lives, especially the ones we work with, laugh with, love and share the various stages of our lives with. That’s why this year we are particularly happy to celebrate our Board member Anna Moo’s induction into the Victorian Honour Roll for Women.

Read more about Anna’s (and the amazing Hana Assafiri’s) contribution to the lives of refugee and immigrant women in Victoria over the past few decades!

Until next time,
The WRAP Team

Honouring Immigrant Women on IWD

Hana Assafiri and Anna Moo

Hana Assafiri and Anna Moo

There are many things that separate Anna Moo and Hana Assafiri. They hail from different places around the world, and they come from different generations in life. And yet their lives have converged in the most special of ways, something that those of us in attendance at the 2017 Victorian Honour Roll of Women induction ceremony were happy witnesses to.

Both Anna and Hana had their lifetimes’ work honoured this year, through their induction into the Victorian Women’s Honour Roll. As if that in itself is not special enough, there are also some astounding synergies: Anna Moo was recognised for her integral role in establishing two migrant women’s domestic violence services in the 1970s and 1980s, one of which Hana Assafiri, 10 years later, was to lead. In addition, today Anna is a valued board member of the Multicultural Centre for Women’s Health, a role that Hana held 20 years earlier.

Both women have dedicated their lives to immigrant and refugee women’s wellbeing and freedom from violence. Their activism and hard work have ensured that immigrant and refugee women in Victoria have safe places to go when they are in situations of domestic and family violence. So many immigrant and refugee women have seen the benefit and value of Anna’s and Hana’s work over the years.

It is fitting that their achievements and their ongoing work were recognised by the government this year and that their contribution to the history of women’s activism is acknowledged as part of the important wider contribution that feminists make.

We know that the feminist work of immigrant and refugee women is not easy. The combined burden of racism and sexism in their lives means that becoming involved in public life and feminist advocacy is not always smooth sailing. There are many hurdles, ranging from the structural to the cultural, and there is discrimination, conscious and unconscious. As refugee and immigrant women, we are not always welcomed into all political arenas – sometimes because we are perceived to bang on too much about racism and sometimes because people think we bang on too much about sexism. Sometimes our allies assume they have it covered and don’t always keep us in the conversation, or include us only as ‘stakeholders’ when we really want to be equal partners. The issues we bring to the table don’t always fit with the agenda, but we don’t just want to be on the agenda but seated at that table, even if we present an opposing view.

So we know that any immigrant woman who started busting stereotypes in the 1970s like Anna Moo did, or who has advocated loudly and proudly about Muslim women’s rights since the 1990s like Hana Assafiri has, deserves a lot more than recognition. Superhero status might get us closer to what these amazing women deserve.

Here at MCWH we are very proud to be associated with these change-making women and to share in their celebrations. Their work makes a big difference to the lives of immigrant and refugee women and inspires the rest of us to keep at it, knowing that we are part of a larger legacy that has had many wonderful wins along the way.

NETFA Forum 2017

The National Education Toolkit for FGM/C Awareness (NETFA) Project is in its third and final year and to celebrate, MCWH will be hosting a National Forum on FGM/C on 24th March 2017 at the Woodward Conference Centre in Melbourne. It will feature international guest speaker Ms Amina Warsame from Network Against FGM/C in Somaliland and will look at ways we can use international learnings and translating it into local solutions. We will open registrations soon so don’t forget to pencil the date in your diary! In the meantime if you need FGM/C resources head over to www.NETFA.com.au.


NETFA Flyer Call to action_CPD logo

The WRAP#51- The route to real change, comparing complexities and 60 Seconds with Dr. Kudzai Kanhutu

As the shortest month of the year comes to a close we look forward to March in anticipation of International Women’s Day and also our national NETFA forum. Both of these events remind us that when it comes to representation and the telling of women’s stories, there is no-one better equipped than women themselves, and in this month’s WRAP we examine how this philosophy applies especially when it comes to immigrant and refugee women.

We also examine the rising popularity of labiaplasty, the challenges of drawing comparisons with FGM/C and the lessons to be learnt from best practice.

Last but never least, we chat to Dr. Kudzai Kanhutu for 60 Seconds about amazing women and her guilty pop pleasures.

Until next time,
The WRAP Team

The route to real change

Image via: www.aaww.org

Image via: www.aaww.org

Reality TV is an odd indulgence. How many of us have not sat with interest and awe as we watch people play out some aspect of their lives on film, facing an array of challenges, from the extreme to the banal? Reality TV brings us real life dilemmas from the kitchen or the jungle, and asks us to empathise, identify, judge, or simply laugh along with a shared experience.

In short, we are hearing and watching people tell their stories. Of course, not in their own words, but we allow ourselves to be taken on the emotional ride knowing that the reality is a trick, that the stories are a construction and that there is always a story behind the story. The question of representation, who speaks for whom, in other words, is up for grabs.

And while it may seem like a world away, in MCWH’s work promoting immigrant and refugee women’s wellbeing, this question of representation is at the centre of our practice. People often think they know a lot about us as immigrant and refugee women, our experiences of gendered inequality or our experiences of ‘Australian’ culture, but how real is that knowledge? How often have they listened to women tell their own stories from their own perspectives and in their own words? In reality, immigrant and refugee women rarely have the opportunity, in the public realm, to control the production of their own stories. As a result, the stories that do exist are often distorted because they are viewed through a lens of racist and sexist stereotypes.

We know there is a strong will from community workers and organisations to make a difference to immigrant and refugee women’s health, to promote gender equality and to prevent gendered violence in immigrant and refugee communities. But sometimes these well-meaning attempts to make a difference start with a particular view of reality, that is, that immigrant and refugee women don’t need to speak on their own behalf and that others can validly speak for them. This is a view that inadvertently excludes the very women who are intended to benefit. In effect, immigrant and refugee women get caught in the middle of two groups that are keen to speak on their behalf – immigrant and refugee men, and non-immigrant/refugee women.

Programs that make a real difference to immigrant and refugee women should be conducted in equal partnership with immigrant and refugee women. They start with the question of what women have already done in their communities to promote gender equality or women’s health and build from there. Successful and effective programs ensure immigrant and refugee women are fully resourced to actively lead the planning and decision making of those programs. They are also based on equal partnerships with immigrant and refugee women’s representative organisations, building on existing expertise and what has already been done.

If you are a part of a gender equality or violence prevention program that does not start with the leadership of immigrant and refugee women, you might need to question the gender justice foundations on which the program is based. Immigrant and refugee women need to tell their own stories, in their own way, so they are in control of their own narrative and their own realities. This is the route to transformative change.

Comparing complexities

Image via: mothermag.com

Image via: mothermag.com

It’s not difficult to see why female genital cosmetic surgery (FGCS) is often drawn into comparisons with female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C). The World Health Organisation defines FGM/C as all procedures that intentionally alter or cause injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons. So a procedure such as labiaplasty, for example, which is designed to reduce the size of the inner lips (labia minora) of the vulva could theoretically be included in the WHO definition.

But like almost all things theoretical, the issue of both FGCS and FGM/C are far more complex in practice. Unlike FGCS, FGM/C is recognised internationally as a serious violation of the human rights of women and girls. However, this is not the same thing as saying that FGCS is not just as harmful. Rather, it highlights that FGM/C has proven harmful enough to women and girls to warrant an international and legal response.

The global efforts to combat FGM/C should give us all pause for reflection on all practices that aim to alter any part of a women’s body. While it’s important to focus on what’s being physically done to women’s genitals, it’s just as important to consider the context in which any procedure is being conducted. If we’re talking about labias especially, it’s not only a matter of the medical and cultural (and let’s not forget, Australians have a culture too), it’s also about what’s gendered.

What is driving the increasing number of women in Western countries, including Australia, to choose to have FCGS? If women are unhappy with how their vagina looks, we to need to examine the factors that have given rise to women not feeling ‘normal’. While pornography, fashion and the media have been cited as the main culprits, there has been little discussion about how to prevent women feeling anxious and abnormal about their genitals in the first place. This is where a comparison with FGM/C is helpful: there is already much we know about best practice in FGM/C education and prevention that can contribute to all women and girls feeling empowered.

As the evidence on FGM/C prevention programs have shown, educating women and girls about anatomy and genital diversity is a good place to begin. Health professionals also have a responsibility to educate themselves about the issues that may impact women and girls feeling anxious about their bodies, including issues affecting immigrant and refugee women and those who have undergone or at risk of FGM/C.

As we know from our work in women’s health, unhealthy, risky and harmful practices that primarily affect women can be prevented by acknowledging the diversity of women’s experiences. Any comparison of different ‘cultural’ practices should begin from this common understanding.

If you’d like to do your part in building and supporting women’s capacity to enact change, then you should register for our upcoming NETFA Forum: Sharing Our Strengths Symposium here.